Pegasus in Armenia
AccessNow, Amnesty International, and CitizenLab say they discovered traces of the Pegasus spyware deployed in Armenia on the phones of reporters, government officials, a UN official, and members of the country’s civil society. The malware was deployed in 2021 and 2022, and investigators say evidence suggests that the targeting is related to the Nagorno-Karabakh military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Investigators say this marks the first time any commercial spyware was deployed during an international armed conflict. Researchers didn’t attribute the attacks to either government. Although Azerbaijan is a known customer of NSO Group, the targets of this campaign also include critics of the Armenian government.